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Pesach Schedule-Laws and Customs

Mar 20th, 2013 by nzakon | 0

Pesach Schedule 5773 

Rabbi Zakon  is available for the sale of Chametz until Sunday evening March 24th. Please contact him to arrange a time to take care of this.
Shabbos Hagadol- March 22-23

Earliest Candle lighting 6:23 P.M. Actual candle lighting 7:22 P.M.

Mincha 7:00 P.M.

Parsha Class 8:30 A.M.

Shachris Services 9:00 A.M.

Special Shabbos HaGodal Drasha (sermon) 10:45 A.M.

Learner’s Service 10:45 A.M.

Children’s Programming 10:45 A.M.

Communal Lunch following services. RSVP REQUIRED! Thank you to Melissa Evans for coordinating the lunch! To rsvp email Melissa at

Mincha 6:45 P.M.

Sunday evening March 24th Search for Chametz Begins not before 8:27 P.M. Before searching we say a special Bracha and after searching we say nullification which can be found in the Artscroll SIddur page 654.
Latest time eating chametz 11:05 A.M.

Latest time burning chametz 12:19 p.m.
Monday, March 25th
Candle lighting/Mincha 7:24 P.M.

One should not say the Kiddush to begin the Seder before 8:27 P.M.

Midnight 1:33 p.m.

Tuesday, March 26th – 1st Day of Pesach

Shacharis Services 9:30 A.M.

Mincha (followed by class and Maariv) 7:15 P.M.

No Seder preparations  made be done before 8:28 pm

Candle lighting not before (from a pre-existing flame) 8:28 pm

Midnight 1:33 am

Wednesday, March 27th – 2nd Day of Pesach

Shacharis 9:30 A.M.

Mincha (followed by class and Maariv) 7:15 P.M.

At Maariv begin saying V’sean Brocha
(see artscroll siddur p. 270)

Laws and Customs
Bedikas Chametz On the 14th of Nissan, the night before Pesach, one is required to
search their house for Chametz. One should clean before this checking. The custom is
to place 10 pieces of bread around the house before the searching begins. (This is done
by someone other than the one checking, if possible.)  One must check
the entire house (closets, under beds, under couch cushions, etc.) with a candle (or
flashlight). Simply collecting the 10 pieces of bread does not fulfill the obligation. After
one completes this, the bitul (nullification) is recited. This bitul (nullification) is called “Kol
Chamirah” and can be found at the beginning of the Haggadah.

Fast of the First Born The morning before Pesach, the14th of Nissan, is the Fast of the
First Born. The reason for this fast is because the first born Jews were saved during the
10 Plagues. This applies to a first born from either the father or mother. A father must
fast for his first born son under Bar Mitzvah age. The custom is for the first born to attend
a Seudas Mitzvah (Bris, Siyum, etc.) and then they may eat. A first born who is unable to
attend a Seudas Mitzvah must fast.

Biur Chametz- Burning the Chametz- On the 14th of Nissan, one must get rid of or
destroy all chametz. The custom is to burn all chametz that has not been sold.
Bitul Chametz- Nullification of Chametz- After the burning of the chametz, all chametz is
declared ownerless.
Mechiras Chametz- There are two prohibitions against owning chametz on Pesach. One
may sell their chametz (and the area it is in) to a non-Jew. The custom today is that one
appoints the Rabbi as his/her agent to sell the chametz. This sale takes place the
morning before Pesach. Those cabinets / closets in
which the chametz is place may not be opened until after Pesach.
On Erev Pesach, one may not eat Matzah all day (until the Seder). After the 4th hour,
chametz may not be eaten. (See Schedule)
One should buy his wife jewelry or new clothing to enhance the Yom Tov.

The Seder
There are five mitzvos on the night of Pesach:
1. Eating Matzah
2. Telling the Story of the Exodus
3. Drinking Four Cups of Wine
4. Eating Maror
5. Reciting the Hallel
1. Eating Matzah- One must eat an “olive’s” volume of matzah on the night of Pesach.
There are three times during the Seder that we eat matzah: Motzi Matzah, Korech
and Afikoman. The matzah eaten at the Seder to fulfill these mitzvahs must be
Shmura Matzah, matzah that was watched and baked for the purpose of this
One may use Hand Shmura or Machine Shmura.

Ideally, the matzah should be swallowed at once or within two minutes. If one can
not do this, one can eat this amount within nine minutes. The matzah, all three
times, is eaten while leaning to the left.
2. Telling the Story of the Exodus- This is the main body of the Haggadah, the
Maggid section. It is praiseworthy to spend a lot of time explaining and discussing
the story.
3 .The Four Cups of Wine- One has to drink four cups of wine, while leaning to the left,
at the proper time in the Seder. The amount one must drink is the majority of a cup that
holds at least 3.3 ounces.  It is preferable to drink the whole cup. It is also preferable to use wine instead
of grape juice.
4. Eating Maror- One has to eat maror the night of Pesach. The maror is taken and
dipped in charoses. The charoses is then shaken off. The two common items to use for
maror are grated horseradish or romaine lettuce. One must be sure that there are no
bugs. (Bugs are commonly found on the lettuce; therefore the lettuce must be soaked and
checked.) If one uses grated horseradish, the amount should be 1.1 ounces. If one uses
romaine lettuce, it should cover 8×10 inches. If one uses the stalks from romaine lettuce, it
should cover 3×5 inches. Maror is NOT eaten while leaning.
5. Reciting the Hallel- One is required to recite the full Hallel as praise and thanksgiving
for the miracle of the Exodus.
Various Halachas of the Seder
• The first time we wash, Urechatz, we do not make a bracha.
• At Karpas, the dipping of the vegetable, when one makes the bracha over the
vegetable; one should have in mind the maror. Because maror is not usually
eaten as part of a meal, the HaMotzi does not cover it.
• The custom is not to eat roasted meat during the Seder.
• The Afikomen must be eaten before midnight. (See Schedule)

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